Commercial HVACR systems make up a large portion of a building’s energy demands and need regular maintenance to operate at peak efficiency. Even with the best care, your HVACR system can develop problems that impact air and temperature quality, increase energy consumption, or damage system components. Common concerns with commercial HVACR systems include:
Inadequate Heating or Cooling
If an HVACR system cannot maintain a comfortable temperature, it’s not fulfilling its primary function. Problems with heating and cooling may have easy fixes, such as clogged filters or loose ductwork un HVAC systems, but it can also be a sign of potential component damage. Low levels of refrigerant, for instance, not only result in insufficient cooling—it also causes the condenser to work harder, consuming more power and potentially leading to mechanical malfunctions.
Problems with heating, cooling, and refrigeration may have nothing to do with your HVACR system. Sometimes the problem lies with your thermostats. Check thermostat batteries, ensure thermostats are compatible with your HVACR system, check for accumulations of dust and debris in the thermostat, and inspect the thermostat’s electrical resistor device.
Unpleasant smells are some of the most common concerns with commercial HVACR systems. Burning smells or “hot metal” odors suggest HVACR parts are overheating.
Clogged filters can produce a moldy, musty smell. Debris pulled into the system may melt or “cook” on the heat exchanger, while clogged drains can lead to stagnant water smells from condenser pans. Decaying, rotting smells may indicate a small animal or bird has died in your HVAC ductwork, necessitating a hunt for the corpse.
Like odd smells, strange noises are common concerns with commercial HVACR systems. When everything is operating normally, an HVACR system should produce relatively little noise. Noise may indicate loose ductwork, broken fans, or a problem with the system’s compressor.
HVAC Airflow Issues
Reduced airflow throughout the building can indicate clogged air filters, which should be the first component checked when airflow capacity drops.
If some areas of the building receive more airflow than others, the problem probably lies in your ductwork. The U.S. Department of Energy reports 25 to 40 percent of an HVAC’s heating or cooling capacity is lost, on average, through ductwork issues.
Potential problems include leaks, cracks, separations, and sagging ductwork. Locating such problems can be challenging. Locations where airflow or temperature imbalances occur are good places to start looking for the cause of airflow problems.
Clogged Drain Lines
If dirt and algae block up condenser drain lines, water can back up into the drain plan where it may overflow and damage surrounding system components. Signs of blocked drain lines include water leakage, higher than normal building humidity, musty, stagnant smells, and mold growth.
Blown fuses suggest electrical components in your HVACR system are overheating. If your system regularly shuts down due to blown fuses check your circuit breaker to see where the overload is occurring. Overheating can damage your system and increases the risk of electrical fires.
Lack of Preventative Maintenance
One of the most common causes of commercial HVACR problems is a lack of proper maintenance. Preventative maintenance helps you identify and rectify small problems before they become more serious (and require more expensive solutions). Only a properly trained and certified HVACR technician can service and inspect your system for problems.